Monday, December 15, 2008

Geologist's 100-things meme

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A geology styled meme started by Geotripper. What have I done or seen?

1. See an erupting volcano

2. See a glacier

3. See an active geyser such as those in Yellowstone, New Zealand or Iceland

4. Visit the Cretaceous/Tertiary (KT) Boundary. Possible locations include Gubbio, Italy, Stevns Klint, Denmark, the Red Deer River Valley near Drumheller, Alberta.

5. Observe (from a safe distance) a river whose discharge is above bankful stage

6. Explore a limestone cave. Try Carlsbad Caverns in New Mexico, Lehman Caves in Great Basin National Park, or the caves of Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia.(Pestera Ursilor in the Apuseni mountains, Romania, and others in Germany that I do not recall the name)

7. Tour an open pit mine, such as those in Butte, Montana, Bingham Canyon, Utah, Summitville, Colorado, Globe or Morenci, Arizona, or Chuquicamata, Chile. (Worked in the lignite mine of Garzweiler, west of Cologne)

8. Explore a subsurface mine. (several. Historical mines in the hercynian mountains like Rammelsberg and B├╝cherberg, the active Salt mine in Berchtesgaden, etc.)

9. See an ophiolite, such as the ophiolite complex in Oman or the Troodos complex on the Island Cyprus.

10. An anorthosite complex, such as those in Labrador, the Adirondacks, and Niger.

11. A slot canyon. Many of these amazing canyons are less than 3 feet wide and over 100 feet deep. They reside on the Colorado Plateau.

12. Varves, whether you see the type section in Sweden or examples elsewhere

13. An exfoliation dome

14. A layered igneous intrusion, such as the Stillwater complex in Montana or the Skaergaard Complex in Eastern Greenland.

15. Coastlines along the leading and trailing edge of a tectonic plate.

16. A gingko tree, which is the lone survivor of an ancient group of softwoods that covered much of the Northern Hemisphere in the Mesozoic. (In the botanical garden)

17. Living and fossilized stromatolites.

18. A field of glacial erratics. (Northern Germany)

19. A caldera (Laacher See and Tharandter Wald, Germany).

20. A sand dune more than 200 feet high. (Southern Peru close to the ocean)

21. A fjord.

22. A recently formed fault scarp.

23. A megabreccia.

24. An actively accreting river delta.

25. A natural bridge.

26. A large sinkhole. (In the Apuseni Mountains, Romania)

27. A glacial outwash plain. (Sander in Northern germany)

28. A sea stack.

29. A house-sized glacial erratic.

30. An underground lake or river. (artificial ones in the Berchtesgaden Salt Mine)

31. The continental divide. (The Alpes)

32. Fluorescent and phosphorescent minerals.

33. Petrified trees (not whole trees, just pieces)

34. Lava tubes

35. The Grand Canyon. All the way down. And back.

36. Meteor Crater, Arizona, also known as the Barringer Crater, to see an impact crater on a scale that is comprehensible.

37. The Great Barrier Reef, northeastern Australia, to see the largest coral reef in the world.

38. The Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, Canada, to see the highest tides in the world (up to 16m)

39. The Waterpocket Fold, Utah, to see well exposed folds on a massive scale.

40. The Banded Iron Formation, Michigan, to better appreciate the air you breathe.

41. The Snows of Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

42. Lake Baikal, Siberia, to see the deepest lake in the world (1,620 m) with 20 percent of the Earth’s fresh water.

43. Ayers Rock (known now by the Aboriginal name of Uluru), Australia. This inselberg of nearly vertical Precambrian strata is about 2.5 kilometers long and more than 350 meters high

44. Devil’s Tower, northeastern Wyoming, to see a classic example of columnar jointing

45. The Alps. (Germany, Austria, Switzerland)

46. Telescope Peak, in Death Valley National Park. From this spectacular summit you can look down onto the floor of Death Valley - 11,330 feet below.

47. The Li River, China, to see the fantastic tower karst that appears in much Chinese art

48. The Dalmation Coast of Croatia, to see the original Karst.

49. The Gorge of Bhagirathi, one of the sacred headwaters of the Ganges, in the Indian Himalayas, where the river flows from an ice tunnel beneath the Gangatori Glacier into a deep gorge.
50. The Goosenecks of the San Juan River, Utah, an impressive series of entrenched meanders.

51. Shiprock, New Mexico, to see a large volcanic neck

52. Land’s End, Cornwall, Great Britain, for fractured granites that have feldspar crystals bigger than your fist.

53. Tierra del Fuego, Chile and Argentina, to see the Straights of Magellan and the southernmost tip of South America.

54. Mount St. Helens, Washington, to see the results of recent explosive volcanism.

55. The Giant’s Causeway and the Antrim Plateau, Northern Ireland, to see polygonally fractured basaltic flows.

56. The Great Rift Valley in Africa.

57. The Matterhorn, along the Swiss/Italian border, to see the classic “horn”.

58. The Carolina Bays, along the Carolinian and Georgian coastal plain

59. The Mima Mounds near Olympia, Washington

60. Siccar Point, Berwickshire, Scotland, where James Hutton (the “father” of modern geology) observed the classic unconformity.

61. The moving rocks of Racetrack Playa in Death Valley

62. Yosemite Valley

63. Landscape Arch (or Delicate Arch) in Utah

64. The Burgess Shale in British Columbia

65. The Channeled Scablands of central Washington

66. Bryce Canyon

67. Grand Prismatic Spring at Yellowstone

68. Monument Valley

69. The San Andreas fault

70. The dinosaur footprints in La Rioja, Spain

71. The volcanic landscapes of the Canary Islands (Lanzarote).

72. The Pyrennees Mountains

73. The Lime Caves at Karamea on the West Coast of New Zealand

74. Denali (an orogeny in progress)

75. A catastrophic mass wasting event

76. The giant crossbeds visible at Zion National Park

77. The black sand beaches in Hawaii.

78. Barton Springs in Texas

79. Hells Canyon in Idaho

80. The Black Canyon of the Gunnison in Colorado

81. The Tunguska Impact site in Siberia

82. Feel an earthquake with a magnitude greater than 5.0.

83. Find dinosaur footprints in situ.

84. Find a trilobite (or a dinosaur bone or any other fossil). (Trilobite head from the Eifel region, ammonites from Holzmaden)

85. Find gold, however small the flake (unfortunately not myself)

86. Find a meteorite fragment

87. Experience a volcanic ashfall

88. Experience a sandstorm

89. See a tsunami

90. Witness a total solar eclipse (not a total one at least)

91. Witness a tornado firsthand.

92. Witness a meteor storm, a term used to describe a particularly intense (1000+ per minute) meteor shower

93. View Saturn and its moons through a respectable telescope.

94. See the Aurora borealis, otherwise known as the northern lights.

95. View a great naked-eye comet, an opportunity which occurs only a few times per century. (I saw several but I forgot their names)

96. See a lunar eclipse

97. View a distant galaxy through a large telescope (Andomeda galaxay)

98. Experience a hurricane

99. See noctilucent clouds

100. See the green flash

2 comments :

MJC Rocks said...

I would love to see a list from the German geoblogosphere of the great places a geologist should see in Germany and other parts of northern Europe and Scandinavia. Thanks for participating!

Lost Geologist said...

I will see what I can do about that MJC! Thanks for the comment!